Xue M, et al. RNA Biol 2020.
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are closely associated with the development of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); however, it is still unclear whether circular RNA circ-LDLRAD3 participated in the regulation of NSCLC progression. In this study, we found that circ-LDLRAD3 was high-expressed and miR-137 was low-expressed in NSCLC tissues and cells compared to their normal counterparts, which showed negative correlations in NSCLC tissues. Further experiments validated that miR-137 could be sponged and
inhibited by circ-LDLRAD3 in NSCLC cells. In addition, knock-down of circ-LDLRAD3 and miR-137 overexpression promoted NSCLC cell apoptosis, and inhibited cell proliferation and invasion. Similarly, upregulation of circ-LDLRAD3 or miR-137 ablation had opposite effects on the above cell functions. Besides, the glutamine transporter SLC1A5 was validated to be the downstream target of circ-LDLRAD3 and miR-137, and upregulated circ-LDLRAD3 increased SLC1A5 expression levels by downregulating miR-137. Furthermore, the effects of downregulated circ-LDLRAD3 on cell proliferation, apoptosis and mobility were all reversed by knocking down miR-137 and overexpressing SLC1A5. Taken together, this in vitro study found that knock-down of circ-LDLRAD3 inhibited the development of NSCLC by regulating miR-137/SLC1A5 axis.