Enomoto T, et al. Clin Transl Oncol 2020.
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of nivolumab treatment beyond progressive disease (PD) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
PATIENTS/METHODS: Medical records of consecutive patients with advanced NSCLC who received nivolumab between December 2015 and December 2018 were reviewed. Clinical outcomes of three groups of eligible patients who received nivolumab as a second-line treatment after PD were compared based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors v1.1. We conducted subgroup analyses in patients with and without new lesions at first PD.
RESULTS: Twenty-eight patients continued nivolumab treatment beyond PD (TBP). Post PD, 46 patients switched to other anti-cancer treatment (OAT), and 21 received no further anti-cancer treatment (NAT). There were no significant differences in overall survival (OS) or survival post progression (SPP) between TBP and OAT groups (OS: 15.6 vs. 13.4 months, P = .40, SPP: 12.2 vs. 9.3 months, P = .42). Subgroup analyses indicated that among patients without new lesions at first PD, SPP was longer in the TBP than in the OAT groups (12.6 vs. 9.3 months, P = .22, HR: 0.64; 95% CI 0.31‒1.31). The frequency of immune-related adverse events leading to discontinuation during nivolumab beyond PD was equivalent to that for pre-PD (10.7 vs. 12.6%).
CONCLUSIONS: No significant benefits were associated with continuation of nivolumab for advanced NSCLC patients. Continuation of nivolumab beyond PD could be a more useful option in patients without new lesions at first PD. Treatment-related toxicities require attention during nivolumab treatment not only before PD but also beyond PD.