Comparative analysis of first-line treatment regimens for advanced EGFR-mutant non-small cell lung cancer patients with stable brain metastases

Lung Cancer
22/07/2020

Ann Palliat Med. 2020 Jul 15:apm-20-1136. doi: 10.21037/apm-20-1136. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To compare the survival outcomes of first-line treatment regimens for advanced epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with stable brain metastases.

METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of available data from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of first-line treatment regimens of NSCLC patients with stable brain metastases. Progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were extracted and analysed from the RCT subgroups. A network meta-analysis was constructed using the Bayesian statistical model to synthesize the survival outcomes of all the treatments.

RESULTS: The analysis included 6 eligible RCT subgroups with 417 patients and 7 treatment regimens osimertinib, afatinib, first-generation EGFR-TKI (gefitinib or erlotinib), erlotinib + bevacizumab, gefitinib + pemetrexed + carboplatin, gemcitabine + cisplatin, and pemetrexed + cisplatin. Of these seven treatment regimens, gefitinib + pemetrexed + carboplatin had the highest potential for favorable PFS and OS, followed by osimertinib, in the treatment of advanced EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients with stable brain metastases. None of the results met the predetermined statistical significance of P<0.05.

CONCLUSIONS: The regimens of "Gefitinib + pemetrexed + carboplatin" and "Osimertinib" were associated with the most favorable PFS and OS compared to the other therapies in advanced EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients with stable brain metastases, although the difference between these regimens and the others was not statistically significantly different.