J Cell Mol Med. 2020 Jul 22. doi: 10.1111/jcmm.15518. Online ahead of print.
Cripto-1 (CR-1) is related to the biological behaviour and prognosis of carcinomas. The purpose of this study was to investigate the significance of CR-1 expression in surgically resected stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). One hundred and forty-eight patients with completely resected stage I NSCLC and available clinical follow-up data were assessed. The protein expression of CR-1 in the tumours was detected by immunohistochemistry. CR-1 was highly expressed in 64 of 148 tumours. Among
patients with high CR-1 expression, progression-free survival and overall survival rate were significantly lower than those of patients with low CR-1 levels (P = .013 and P = .019, respectively). The incidence of distant metastasis in patients with high CR-1 expression was significantly higher than that of in patients with low CR-1 expression (57.13% vs 21.43%, P = .001). The results of the multivariate analysis confirmed that a high CR-1 was a significant factor for poor prognosis. In conclusion, CR-1 could be a useful prognostic factor in patients with stage I NSCLC, likely as an indicator of the metastatic propensity of the tumour.