Prediction of postoperative pulmonary complications using preoperative controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score in patients with resectable non-small cell lung cancer

Lung Cancer
26/07/2020

Sci Rep. 2020 Jul 24;10(1):12385. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-68929-9.

ABSTRACT

Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) significantly impact surgical outcome. We investigated the predictive ability of controlling nutritional status (CONUT) for PPC after lung resection in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We retrospectively reviewed data of 922 patients with NSCLC who underwent complete resection from January 2016-December 2017. We analyzed the frequency and characteristics of PPCs and compared receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves of various


prognostic models to predict PPCs. A CONUT score higher than 1 was considered as a high CONUT score. Total incidence of PPCs was 8.6% (n = 79). The proportion of pneumonia was significantly larger in the high CONUT group (P < 0.05). The CONUT consistently had a higher area under curve (AUC) value (0.64) than other prognostic models (prognostic nutritional index (PNI): AUC = 0.61, Glasgow prognostic score (GPS): AUC = 0.57, and assessment of respiratory risk in surgical patients in Catalonia (ARISCAT): AUC = 0.54). Multivariate analysis identified underweight [Odds ratio (OR) = 4.57, P = 0.002] and high CONUT score (OR = 1.91, P = 0.009) as independent PPCs prognostic factors. One-year mortality rate for high CONUT score was significantly higher (hazard ratio = 7.97; 95% confidence interval, 1.78-35.59). Preoperative CONUT score is an independent predictor of PPCs and 1-year mortality in patients with resectable NSCLC.