Mol Clin Oncol. 2020 Sep;13(3):13. doi: 10.3892/mco.2020.2083. Epub 2020 Jul 3.
Kampo medicines have been used to reduce chemotherapy-induced adverse events. However, whether Kampo medicine can improve the prognosis of cancer remains unclear. The present study aimed to clarify the effect of Juzentaihoto (TJ-48) on patients with postoperative recurrence of non-small cell lung cancer. In total, 45 patients with postoperative recurrent non-small cell lung cancer scheduled for first-line chemotherapy were enrolled in the present study. Differences in progression-free survival
between the chemotherapy combined with TJ-48 and chemotherapy only groups were analyzed. Body weight change and prognostic nutritional index were also evaluated to examine whether these factors were influenced by TJ-48 administration. Multivariate analysis was performed to detect independent prognostic factors. A significant increase was observed in progression-free survival in the chemotherapy plus TJ-48 group compared with in the chemotherapy alone group (P<0.001). Significant decreases in body weight and prognostic nutritional index score were observed in the chemotherapy alone group (P<0.01 and P<0.05, respectively); however, these decreases were not observed in the chemotherapy plus TJ-48 group. Multivariate analysis revealed that TJ-48 administration with chemotherapy was an independent prognostic factor. In conclusion, TJ-48 combined with chemotherapy may improve the progression-free survival of patients with postoperative recurrence of non-small cell lung cancer by preventing nutritional disorders.