G protein regulated inducer of neurite outgrowth 1 is a potential marker for lung cancer prognosis

Lung Cancer
05/08/2020

J Biol Regul Homeost Agents. 2020 May-Jun;34(3):853-864. doi: 10.23812/20-136-A-39.

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer mortality remains high, and only approximately 15% of patients with non-small cell lung cancer survive for more than five years. The purpose of this research was to investigate the prognostic value and biological functions of G protein regulated inducer of neuritis outgrowth 1(GPRIN1) in lung cancer. We used the Kaplan-Meier method to analyze the correlation between GPRIN1 and overall survival, and performed Cox regression to determine whether GPRIN1 might be an independent


predictive factor for lung adenocarcinoma prognosis. qRT-PCR and Western blot assays were conducted to detect GPRIN1 expression in lung cancer cells and normal control cells. To detect the functional effects of knockdown/overexpression of GPRIN1 on lung cancer cells, we performed CCK-8, colony formation and Transwell assays. Through the Kaplan-Meier method, we found that GPRIN1 expression correlated with overall survival and adverse prognosis, and Cox regression indicated that GPRIN1 is as an independent predictive factor for lung adenocarcinoma. Furthermore, the mRNA and protein expression levels of GPRIN1 in lung cancer cells were markedly higher than those in normal cells. Downregulation of GPRIN1significantly decreased cell viability, colony formation, the number of invasive and migrating cells, and levels of epithelial-mesenchymal transition-related proteins in A549 cells. Overexpression of GPRIN1showed the opposite effect in Calu-1 cells. Together, these results indicated that GPRIN1 facilitates lung cancer proliferation and migration, possibly by affecting the epithelial-mesenchymal transition of lung cancer cells, suggesting that GPRIN1may be used as an effective target for the treatment of lung cancer.