A Patient with Small Cell Lung Cancer Presenting with Paralysis and Intramedullary Metastasis Successfully Treated with Chemotherapy

Lung Cancer
24/08/2020

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho. 2020 Aug;47(8):1217-1219.

ABSTRACT

A 77-year-old man was diagnosed with small cell lung cancer (SCLC: cT3N3M1b, Stage ⅣA)with bone metastases 1 year and 9 months ago. Although partial response was obtained after 6 courses of chemotherapy with carboplatin(CBDCA)and etoposide(VP-16), multiple brain metastases were observed 5 months after the completion of chemotherapy. The multiple brain metastases completely disappeared after whole brain irradiation. However, the patient experienced lower extremity weakness, predominantly in the


left side, 5 months after irradiation. Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) revealed an abnormal nodular lesion at the Th10 level, indicative of intramedullary spinal cord metastasis originating from the SCLC. After the patient was admitted to our hospital, his neurological symptoms progressed rapidly and he began to experience difficulty in standing, along with bowel and bladder dysfunction. Chemotherapy with CBDCA plus VP-16 improved the neurological symptoms, and MRI after 1 course of chemotherapy revealed a decrease in the size of the metastatic lesion in the spinal cord. Although neurological symptoms are common in patients with lung cancer, intramedullary metastases often promote irreversible neurological dysfunction. Herein, we report a patient with SCLC who developed intramedullary spinal cord metastasis and whose neurological symptoms dramatically improved after systemic chemotherapy.