Effects of microRNA regulation on antiangiogenic therapy resistance in non-small cell lung cancer

Lung Cancer

Biomed Pharmacother. 2020 Aug 21;131:110557. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2020.110557. Online ahead of print.


Antiangiogenic drugs have become a standard therapeutic regimen for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); however, many issues remain to be solved. Identifying specific markers to predict patient response to antiangiogenic drugs to ensure therapeutic efficacy would increase their clinical benefit. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the process of resistance to antiangiogenic therapy, as they regulate various key signaling pathways. Therefore, miRNAs may be used as targets for reversing

tumor resistance to antiangiogenic therapy. This article reviews the molecular mechanisms of antiangiogenic therapy resistance and the specific mechanisms of miRNA regulation of resistance. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is one of multiple target genes of miRNAs, and is closely related to antiangiogenic research. Thus, it is described separately in this review article.