Management of Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer Patients Initially Diagnosed With 1 to 3 Synchronous Brain-Only Metastases: A Retrospective Study

Lung Cancer

Clin Lung Cancer. 2020 Jul 30:S1525-7304(20)30233-3. doi: 10.1016/j.cllc.2020.07.011. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: The treatment options for newly diagnosed non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with 1 to 3 synchronous brain metastases (BM) remain controversial. The current study aimed to comprehensively analyze the characteristics, local treatment paradigms, and survival outcomes in these populations.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 252 NSCLC patients initially diagnosed with 1 to 3 synchronous brain-only metastases were enrolled onto this study. Local therapy (LT) to primary lung tumors (PLT) and BM included surgery, radiotherapy, or both. Median overall survival (mOS) was measured among patients who received LT to both PLT and BM (all-LT group), patients who were treated with LT to either PLT or BM (part-LT group), and patients who did not receive any LT (non-LT group).

RESULTS: The mOS for all-LT (n = 70), part-LT (n = 113), and non-LT (n = 69) groups was 33.2, 18.5, and 16.8 months, respectively (P = .002). The OS rates at 5 years for the all-LT, part-LT, and non-LT groups were 25.5%, 16.2%, and 0, respectively. Multivariable analysis revealed that all-LT versus non-LT, pretreatment Karnofsky performance status > 70, histology of adenocarcinoma, thoracic stage I-II, EGFR mutation, ALK positive, and second-line systemic therapies were independent prognostic factors for improved mOS.

CONCLUSIONS: The current study showed that LT for both PLT and BM is associated with superior OS in appropriately selected NSCLC patients initially diagnosed with 1 to 3 synchronous BM. Prospective trials are urgently needed to confirm this finding.