NUSAP1 promotes lung cancer progression by activating AKT/mTOR signaling pathway

Lung Cancer
26/08/2020

Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi. 2020 Jul 23;42(7):551-555. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.cn112152-20200226-00132.

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the inhibitory effects of nucleolar and spindle associated protein 1 (NUSAP1) on lung cancer and the related mechanisms. Methods: A549 cells were transfected with NUSAP1 siRNA, the cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and apoptosis were detected by CCK8, Transwell and flow cytometry, respectively. Western blot was used to detect the expressions of apoptosis and AKT/mTOR signal pathway related proteins. Results: Compared with the negative control group, the proliferation [(0.610±0.058) vs (1.724±0.067), P<0.05], migration [(178.267±14.780) vs (272.464±36.232), P<0.05] and invasion [(73.527±6.617) vs (120.585±13.235), P<0.05] of NUSAP1 deleted A549 cells were significantly inhibited, while the apoptosis [(3.572±0.214)% vs (11.358±1.047)%, P<0.05] was significantly increased. The expressions of apoptosis related protein Bax and active-caspase 3 were increased (P<0.05), while the expressions of anti-apoptosis protein Bcl-2 and proliferation related protein P70, the phosphorylation levels of AKT and mTOR were reduced in NUSAP1 knockdown cells (P<0.05). Conclusion: NUSAP1 knockdown can inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion, and promote the apoptosis of tumor cells through suppressing AKT/mTOR signaling pathway in lung cancer cells.