Long non-coding RNA HCG11 sponging miR-522-3p inhibits the tumorigenesis of non-small cell lung cancer by upregulating SOCS5

Lung Cancer

Thorac Cancer. 2020 Aug 26. doi: 10.1111/1759-7714.13624. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have shown that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is involved in various human diseases including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The aim of this study was to explore the potential role of lncRNA HCG11 in the pathogenesis of NSCLC.

METHODS: The mRNA expression of HCG11, miR-522-3p and SOCS5 was detected by RT-qPCR. The regulatory mechanism of lncRNA HCG11 was investigated by CCK-8, transwell and dual luciferase reporter assays.

RESULTS: Downregulation of lncRNA HCG11 and upregulation of miR-522-3p were found in NSCLC tissues and cells, and abnormal expressions of lncRNA HCG11 and miR-522-3p were related to adverse clinical outcomes of NSCLC patients. LncRNA HCG11 acted as a molecular sponge for miR-522-3p. Functionally, lncRNA HCG11 inhibited cell viability, migration and invasion in NSCLC by downregulating miR-522-3p. Further, miR-522-3p directly targeted SOCS5. lncRNA HCG11 could positively regulate SOCS5 expression in NSCLC. In addition, HCG11 downregulation or miR-522-3p overexpression abolished the inhibitory effect of SOCS5 on cell viability, migration and invasion in NSCLC.

CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA HCG11 inhibits cell viability, migration and invasion in NSCLC by functioning as a ceRNA of miR-522-3p to upregulate SOCS5.