MiR-654-3p Suppresses Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Tumourigenesis by Inhibiting PLK4

Lung Cancer
04/09/2020

Onco Targets Ther. 2020 Aug 13;13:7997-8008. doi: 10.2147/OTT.S258616. eCollection 2020.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: MiR-654-3p plays important roles in many types of malignant tumours. However, the biological function of miR-654-3p in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains unknown. In this study, the role of miR-654-3p in NSCLC was investigated.

METHODS: qRT-PCR was used to evaluate the level of miR-654-3p in NSCLC tissues and cell lines, while Cell Counting Kit-8, Annexin V/propidium iodide dual staining or TUNEL staining were used to investigate proliferation and apoptosis of NSCLC cells. Luciferase assays and Western blotting were performed to validate potential targets of miR-654-3p.

RESULTS: MiR-654-3p levels were significantly decreased in NSCLC patients and cell lines and were significantly correlated with the tumour size and tumour node metastasis stage of NSCLC patients. In A549 cells, miR-654-3p overexpression significantly increased apoptosis and inhibited growth both in vivo and in vitro, while downregulation of miR-654-3p had the opposite effects. In addition, polo-like kinase 4 (PLK4) was shown to be a target gene of miR-654-3p that is negatively regulated by miR-654-3p in A549 cells. Furthermore, PLK4 was observed to be highly expressed in NSCLC tissues and cells, and PLK4 overexpression abolished the inhibitory effects of miR-654-3p overexpression on NSCLC cell proliferation. Finally, the animal experiment results further demonstrated that miR-654-3p inhibits tumour growth and regulates PLK4 expression.

CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that miR-654-3p functions as a growth-suppressing miRNA by targeting PLK4 in NSCLC.