Trans-omic profiling between clinical phenoms and lipidomes among patients with different subtypes of lung cancer

Lung Cancer
09/09/2020

Clin Transl Med. 2020 Aug;10(4):e151. doi: 10.1002/ctm2.151.

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer has high mortality, often accompanied with systemic metabolic disorders. The present study aimed at defining values of trans-nodules cross-clinical phenomic and lipidomic network layers in patients with adenocarcinoma (ADC), squamous cell carcinomas, or small cell lung cancer (SCLC). We measured plasma lipidomic profiles of lung cancer patients and found that altered lipid panels and concentrations varied among lung cancer subtypes, genders, ages, stages, metastatic status,


nutritional status, and clinical phenome severity. It was shown that phosphatidylethanolamine elements (36:2, 18:0/18:2, and 18:1/18:1) were SCLC specific, whereas lysophosphatidylcholine (20:1 and 22:0 sn-position-1) and phosphatidylcholine (19:0/19:0 and 19:0/21:2) were ADC specific. There were statistically more lipids declined in male, <60 ages, late stage, metastasis, or body mass index < 22 . Clinical trans-omics analyses demonstrated that one phenome in lung cancer subtypes might be generated from multiple metabolic pathways and metabolites, whereas a metabolic pathway and metabolite could contribute to different phenomes among subtypes, although those needed to be furthermore confirmed by bigger studies including larger population of patients in multicenters. Thus, our data suggested that trans-omic profiles between clinical phenomes and lipidomes might have the value to uncover the heterogeneity of lipid metabolism among lung cancer subtypes and to screen out phenome-based lipid panels as subtype-specific biomarkers.