Jpn J Clin Oncol. 2020 Sep 9:hyaa167. doi: 10.1093/jjco/hyaa167. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the characteristics, ground glass opacity ratio and prognosis of patients with clinical N0 non-small cell lung cancer tumours exceeding 30 mm in size.
METHODS: Patients with clinical N0 non-small cell lung cancer and total tumour size >30 mm on preoperative computed tomography who underwent complete resection with lobectomy between January 2007 and December 2017 were included. The patients were divided into three groups: pure solid tumour, low ground glass opacity ratio (1-39%) tumour and high ground glass opacity ratio (≥40%) tumour. The cut-off line was determined based on the recurrence rate for every 10% ground glass opacity ratio.
RESULTS: Among the 227 study patients, 129 (56.8%) had a pure solid tumour, 54 (23.8%) had a low ground glass opacity ratio tumour and 44 (19.4%) had a high ground glass opacity ratio tumour. Three-year recurrence-free survival was significantly shorter in patients with a pure solid tumour (57.4%) than in patients with a low ground glass opacity ratio (74.5%; P = 0.009) or a high ground glass opacity ratio tumour (92.1%; P < 0.001). Multivariable analysis showed that ground glass opacity ratio was a significant independent prognostic factor for recurrence-free survival (hazard ratio, 0.175; P = 0.037).
CONCLUSION: Pure solid tumours comprised a large proportion of non-small cell lung cancer tumours >30 mm in size and their prognosis was poor. The presence of ground glass opacity and their relative proportion affect prognosis in patients with clinical N0 non-small cell lung cancer tumours >30 mm in size, similar to those with small-sized tumours.