Arch Pharm (Weinheim). 2020 Sep 15:e2000235. doi: 10.1002/ardp.202000235. Online ahead of print.
In an attempt to identify potential anticancer agents for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) targeting sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), the synthesis of a new series of benzoxazoles (3a - i) was carried out through a facile and versatile synthetic route. The compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic effects on A549 human lung adenocarcinoma and NIH/3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblast cells using the MTT assay. 2-[(5-Nitro-1H-benzimidazol-2-yl)thio]-N-(2-methylbenzoxazol-5-yl)acetamide (3e) and
2-[(5-chloro-1H-benzimidazol-2-yl)thio]-N-(2-methylbenzoxazol-5-yl)acetamide (3g) were the most potent and selective anticancer agents in this series against the A549 cell line, with IC50 values of 46.66 ± 11.54 and 55.00 ± 5.00 µM, respectively. The flow cytometry-based apoptosis detection assay was performed to determine their effects on apoptosis in A549 cells. Both compounds induced apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. The effects of compounds 3e and 3g on SIRT1 activity were determined. On the basis of in vitro studies, it was observed that compound 3g caused a significant decrease in SIRT1 levels in a dose-dependent manner, whereas compound 3e increased the SIRT1 levels. According to molecular docking studies, the substantial alteration in the type of action could be attributed to the difference between the interactions of compounds 3e and 3g with the same residues in the active site of SIRT1 (PDB code: 4IG9). On the basis of in silico ADME (absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion) studies, these compounds are predicted to possess favorable ADME profiles. According to the in vitro and in silico studies, compounds 3e and 3g, small-molecule SIRT1 modulators, were identified as potential orally bioavailable anticancer agents for the targeted therapy of NSCLC.