Oncol Lett. 2020 Nov;20(5):172. doi: 10.3892/ol.2020.12034. Epub 2020 Aug 28.
Associations of metastasis-associated protein 1 (MTA1) expression with computed tomography (CT) features, pathology and prognosis of elderly patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and its clinical significance were explored. A total of 98 elderly patients with NSCLC were selected and underwent CT examination. The expression of MTA1 in carcinoma tissues and para-carcinoma normal tissues was detected via immunohistochemistry, and its associations with CT features, pathology and
prognosis were analyzed. The results manifested that the expression of MTA1 in carcinoma tissues was significantly higher than that in para-carcinoma normal tissues, and it was associated with the degree of differentiation, stage and lymph node metastasis (P<0.05). Besides, the high expression of MTA1 was also related to the spicule sign, pleural indentation and lymph node metastasis (P<0.05) as well as the CT perfusion parameter capillary permeability (PMB) (P<0.05), but not to blood volume (BV), blood flow (BF) or time to peak (TTP). Moreover, the patients with high expression of MTA1 had significantly shorter survival time and a remarkably lower 5-year survival rate than those with low expression of MTA1 (P<0.05). In conclusion, MTA1 plays a certain role in the occurrence and development of NSCLC in elderly patients and has an association with their prognosis, which can provide references for the treatment and prognosis of NSCLC, with important clinical significance.