J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2020 Sep 1;191:113596. doi: 10.1016/j.jpba.2020.113596. Online ahead of print.
Creatine riboside (CR) is a novel metabolite of cancer metabolism. It is a urinary diagnostic biomarker of lung and liver cancer risk and prognosis. The level of CR is highly positive correlated in tumor and urine indicating that it is derived from human lung and liver cancers. A precise and sensitive ultra-pressure liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-ESI-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for simultaneous quantification of the noninvasive biomarker CR, along with
creatinine riboside (CNR), and their precursors creatine and creatinine, utilizing the labeled internal standard creatine riboside-13C,15N2 (CR-13C,15N2). Chromatography was carried out on a hydrophilic interaction chromatography column under a gradient mobile phase condition. MRM transitions were monitored for CR (264.1 > 132.1, m/z), CNR (246.1 > 113.9, m/z), creatine (132.0 > 72.0, m/z), creatinine (114.0 > 85.8, m/z) and CR-13C,15N2 (267.1 > 134.9, m/z) with a 11.0 min run time in the positive mode ionization. The calibration plot of the method was linear over the concentration range of 4.50-10,000 nM. Method validation was performed according to regulatory guidelines established for sensitivity, selectivity, calibration curve, stability at different storage conditions, reinjection reproducibility, ruggedness with acceptable accuracy, and precision. This assay was applied for the quantification of CR along with CNR, creatine and creatinine in a subset of urine and serum samples from the National Cancer Institute - Maryland (NCI-MD) cohort population controls and lung cancer cases. It can be standardized and used in multiple laboratories for cancer diagnosis and determining the efficacy of cancer therapy and monitoring cancer recurrence.