Sci Rep. 2020 Sep 16;10(1):15217. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-72272-4.
Few studies have evaluated the usefulness of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for advanced-stage lung cancer. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of VATS for treating clinical N2 (cN2) lung cancer. A retrospective cohort analysis was performed with data from 268 patients who underwent lobectomy for cN2 disease from 2007 to 2016. Using propensity score-based inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW), perioperative and long-term survival outcomes were compared. We performed
VATS and open thoracotomy on 121 and 147 patients, respectively. Overall, VATS was preferred for patients with peripherally located tumors (p < 0.001). After IPTW-adjustment, all preoperative information became similar between the groups. Compared to thoracotomy, VATS was associated with shorter hospitalization (7.7 days vs. 9.1 days, p = 0.028), despite equivalent complete resection rates (92.6% vs. 90.5%, p = 0.488) and dissected lymph nodes (mean, 31.9 vs. 29.4, p = 0.100). On IPTW-adjusted analysis, overall survival (50.5% vs. 48.4%, p = 0.127) and recurrence-free survival (60.5% vs 44.6%, p = 0.069) at 5 years were also similar between the groups. Among selected patients with resectable cN2 disease and peripherally located tumors, VATS is feasible, associated with shorter hospitalization and comparable perioperative and long-term survival outcomes, compared with open thoracotomy.