J Cell Mol Med. 2020 Sep 17. doi: 10.1111/jcmm.15875. Online ahead of print.
Tumour drug resistance is one of the most urgent issues faced by anti-tumour therapies. P-glycoprotein (P-gp) has been reported to be correlated with drug resistance. In this study, we aimed to study the synergistic effect of fluorouracil (5FU) and Ubenimex (UBE) on drug resistance in lung cancer. In this study, the tumour inhibitory role of 5FU and UBE was assessed in nude mice bearing A549 or A549/ADR. Real-time polymerase chain reaction, Western blot and immunohistochemical were performed to
analyse the mRNA and protein expression of P-gp. TUNEL assay was used to evaluate the apoptosis of A549/ADR cells under 5FU and UBE treatment. MTT assay was performed to calculate the IC50 value of 5FU and UBE in A549 or A549/ADR. Combined administration of 5FU and UBE significantly inhibited the tumour growth of multidrug-resistant cell lines A549/ADR in nude mice by down-regulating the mRNA and protein expression of P-gp. The apoptosis of A549/ADR was remarkably elevated in nude mice treated with 5FU and UBE. The IC50 value of 5FU and UBE was dramatically declined in A549/ADR cells compared with that of 5FU or UBE alone. Combined treatment of 5FU and UBE remarkably enhanced the apoptosis of A549/ADR cells by enhancing the intracellular accumulation of the drugs. The results of this study demonstrated that UBE combined with fluorouracil attenuated multiple drug resistance and inhibited the expression of P-gp in lung cancer.