Oncol Rep. 2020 Aug 7. doi: 10.3892/or.2020.7719. Online ahead of print.
Long noncoding RNA CBR3 antisense RNA 1 (CBR3‑AS1) plays significant roles in the initiation and progression of osteosarcoma. The aim of the present study was to investigate the involvement of CBR3‑AS1 in the development of non‑small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR was performed to detect CBR3‑AS1 expression in NSCLC tissues and cell lines. The impacts of CBR3‑AS1 on cellular proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasiveness in vitro, and tumor growth in vivo,
were investigated using the Cell Counting Kit‑8 assay, flow cytometry, Transwell migration and invasion assays, and tumor xenograft model‑based analysis, respectively. The results indicated that CBR3‑AS1 was markedly upregulated in NSCLC tissues and cell lines. High CBR3‑AS1 expression was correlated with larger tumor size, advanced TNM stage, increased incidence of lymph node metastasis and shorter overall survival times in patients with NSCLC. Furthermore, CBR3‑AS1‑knockdown notably suppressed cellular proliferation, migration and invasiveness in vitro, and also promoted apoptosis and suppressed tumorigenicity in vivo. Mechanistic investigation demonstrated that CBR3‑AS1 functions as a competing endogenous RNA for microRNA‑509‑3p (miR‑509‑3p) in NSCLC cells. Furthermore, miR‑509‑3p exerted tumor‑suppressive effects in NSCLC, and histone deacetylase 9 (HDAC9) was identified as a direct target of miR‑509‑3p. HDAC9 expression was suppressed by CBR3‑AS1 depletion, which was abolished by miR‑509‑3p inhibition. Further rescue experiments revealed that increasing the output of the miR‑509‑3p/HDAC9 axis counteracted the CBR3‑AS1 depletion‑induced inhibitory effects on NSCLC cells. Collectively, the results of the present study indicate that the CBR3‑AS1/miR‑509‑3p/HDAC9 pathway exerts tumor‑promoting actions in NSCLC oncogenesis and progression, suggesting that this pathway is an effective target for the management of NSCLC.