Future Oncol. 2020 Sep 22. doi: 10.2217/fon-2020-0651. Online ahead of print.
Background: Five EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR TKIs) are currently available in the first-line setting for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in Japan. The aim here was to compare the relative efficacy of EGFR TKIs in the Japanese population. Materials & methods: A systematic review identified randomized controlled trials examining the efficacy of first-line EGFR TKIs. A Bayesian network meta-analysis was used to assess these EGFR TKI comparisons for progression-free survival (PFS). Results: A total of seven randomized controlled trials were identified and considered for network meta-analysis. Dacomitinib showed a trend toward improved PFS versus all comparators. Conclusion: Dacomitinib demonstrated a trend toward improved PFS and therefore, should be considered one of the standard first-line therapies for Japanese patients diagnosed with EGFR+ non-small-cell lung cancer.