Discovery of 5-bromo-4-phenoxy-N-phenylpyrimidin-2-amine derivatives as novel ULK1 inhibitors that block autophagy and induce apoptosis in non-small cell lung cancer

Lung Cancer
23/09/2020

Eur J Med Chem. 2020 Aug 29;208:112782. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2020.112782. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

UNC51-like kinase1 (ULK1) recruits its binding partners and initiates the autophagy process in cancer. ULK1 is significantly overexpressed in Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and negatively correlated with clinical prognosis in NSCLC patients. Based upon the binding features of ULK1, we explored the pharmacophore modeling to discover the common anchoring features. It was verified by synthesizing 5-bromo-4-phenoxy-N-phenylpyrimidin-2-amine derivatives, as well as subsequently elucidating the


structure-activity relationships (SAR). Among all the obtained ULK1 inhibitors, 5-bromo-4-(2-fluoro-4-nitrophenoxy)-N-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl) pyrimidin-2-amine (3s), was the most active one. The docking analysis was conducted to compare 3s and SBI-0206965, which further elucidated the roles of the H-bond donor. This compound inhibited the proliferation of A549 cells and showed strong inhibitory activity against ULK1 kinase. Moreover, we found that compound 3s could induce apoptosis while simultaneously blocking autophagy. Collectively, these findings shed new light on compound 3s that would be utilized as a promising candidate drug for the future NSCLC therapy.