Med Dosim. 2020 Sep 21:S0958-3947(20)30128-X. doi: 10.1016/j.meddos.2020.09.001. Online ahead of print.
The purpose of this study was to measure the motion of the chest surface during breath-holding treatment for lung cancer using deformable image registration (DIR). Forty non-small-cell lung cancer patients treated with breath-holding stereotactic body radiation therapy were retrospectively examined. First, intensity-based DIR between 2 breath-holding computed tomography (CT) images was performed. Subsequently, deformation vector field (DVF) for all dimensions (left-right, anterior-posterior, and
superior-inferior) was calculated from the result. For the analysis of chest surface, the DVF value of the only chest surface area was extracted after the chest surface was divided into 12 regions of interest (ROI) based on anatomy. Additionally, for the analysis of the correlation with the internal tumor motion, the median value of DVF for each surface ROI and the motion of the center of gravity of the tumor volume were used. It was possible to calculate the motion of chest surface without any outliers for all patients. For the average of 12 surface ROIs, the motion of 3D chest surface was within 2 mm (30 cases), 3 mm (8 cases), and 4 mm (2 cases). There was no correlation between the motion of the chest surface and that of the tumor for all 12 surface ROIs. We proposed a technique to evaluate the surface motion using DIR between multiple CT images. It could be a useful tool to calculate the motion of chest surface.