Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2020 Sep 25:ivaa194. doi: 10.1093/icvts/ivaa194. Online ahead of print.
There is dearth of data regarding the long-term survival outcomes of salvage surgery after stereotactic body radiotherapy for early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer, as previous studies have included a short follow-up period. There is also scarce information on the management of re-relapse in previous studies. This study examined the long-term survival outcomes of patients who underwent salvage surgery for isolated local relapse (LR). We reviewed consecutive patients who underwent salvage
surgery for isolated LR after stereotactic body radiotherapy for early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer between 1999 and 2015. All patients were followed up until death or at least 5 years from salvage surgery. Twelve patients were included for analysis. The median follow-up from isolated LR was 62.4 (range: 14.3-152.1) months. The 5-year overall survival rate was 58.3%, updated from 79.5% in our previous report. During the interim, new re-relapses did not occur, whereas there were 5 additional deaths. The median survival after re-relapse was 32.6 months. Our follow-up report confirmed that our patient selection for salvage surgery appeared to be appropriate and that long-term follow-up is required to assess the outcomes of patients undergoing salvage surgery. Long-term follow-up would provide detailed information on late re-relapses, treatment and outcomes of re-relapses and mortality from any causes.