Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2020 Sep 22:S0006-291X(20)31764-2. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2020.09.023. Online ahead of print.
Cisplatin plays a key role in treating small cell lung cancer (SCLC); however, the rapid development of cisplatin resistance limits its treatment effect. The detailed mechanisms of cisplatin-resistance, particularly in SCLC, remain unclear. We analyzed the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between cisplatin-resistant small cell lung cancer cell line H446/CDDP and its parental cell line H446, using the transcriptome sequencing technique. Gene ontology (GO) analysis and the subsequent tests
demonstrated that the functions of protein ubiquitination and autophagy are more active in the H446/CDDP cells. Autophagy plays a protective role in the H446/CDDP cells by using the autophagy inhibitors, 3-methyladenine and bafilomycin A1. Moreover, antimalarial drugs that inhibit autophagy by increasing the pH of lysosomes can also enhance cisplatin-induced cell death.