Thorac Cancer. 2020 Oct 6. doi: 10.1111/1759-7714.13538. Online ahead of print.
Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) is one of the most common mutant oncogenes in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The survival of patients with KRAS mutations may be much lower than patients without KRAS mutations. However, due to the complex structure and diverse biological properties, it is difficult to achieve specific inhibitors for the direct elimination of KRAS activity, making KRAS a challenging therapeutic target. At present, with the tireless efforts of medical
research, including KRAS G12C inhibitors, immunotherapy and other combination strategies, this dilemma is expected to an end. In addition, inhibition of the downstream signaling pathways of KRAS may be a promising combination strategy. Given the rapid development of treatments, understanding the details will be important to determine the individualized treatment options, including combination therapy and potential resistance mechanisms.