Applicability of the adjusted graded prognostic assessment for lung cancer with brain metastases using molecular markers (Lung-molGPA) in a Chinese cohort: A retrospective study of multiple institutions

Lung Cancer

Cancer Med. 2020 Oct 7. doi: 10.1002/cam4.3485. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: In this era of precision medicine, prognostic heterogeneity is an important feature of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with brain metastases (BM). This multi-institutional study is aimed to verify the applicability of the adjusted Lung-molGPA model for NSCLC with BM in a Chinese cohort.

METHODS: This retrospective study included 1903 patients at three hospitals in Southwest China. The performance of the Lung-molGPA model was compared with that of the adjusted DS-GPA model in terms of estimating the survival of NSCLC with BM.

RESULTS: The median OS of this patient cohort was 27.0 months, and the adenocarcinoma survived longer than the non-adenocarcinoma (28.0 months vs 18.7 months, p < 0.001). The adjusted Lung-molGPA model was more accurate in predicting survival of adenocarcinoma patients than the adjusted DS-GPA model (C-index: 0.615 vs 0.571), and it was not suitable for predicting survival of non-adenocarcinoma patients (p = 0.286, 1.5-2.0 vs 2.5-3.0; p = 0.410, 2.5-3.0 vs 3.5-4.0).

CONCLUSIONS: The adjusted Lung-molGPA model is better than the DS-GPA model in predicting the prognosis of adenocarcinoma patients. However, it failed to estimate the prognosis for non-adenocarcinoma patients.