Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2020 Oct 7. doi: 10.1007/s00228-020-03013-9. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE: Gefitinib is one of the standard treatments for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with epidermal growth factor receptor mutations. It has been reported that acid suppressants (AS) decrease the anti-tumor effect of gefitinib by reducing its solubility. AS is sometimes necessary in cancer patients; however, previous reports have not shown the most compatible AS with gefitinib administration in cancer patients. This study was conducted to determine if histamine type 2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs) can affect the anti-tumor efficacy of gefitinib.
METHODS: Eighty-seven patients with NSCLC who were administered gefitinib were retrospectively investigated. Patients who were co-administered H2RA were compared with non-AS control patients. H2RA was administered once a day at about 3-5 or 8-12 h after gefitinib intake. The primary endpoint of this study was progression-free survival (PFS), and secondary endpoints were overall survival (OS), overall response rate (ORR), and adverse effects.
RESULTS: Median PFS in H2RA group and control group was 8.0 months and 9.0 months, respectively, with no significant difference (p = 0.82). The incidence of liver dysfunction was significantly less in patients administered H2RA, whereas there were no differences between the two groups with regard to skin toxicity and diarrhea. Multivariate analysis suggested that H2RA co-administration is not a risk factor for worse PFS and OS (hazard ratio of 0.95, 0.86; 95% confidence interval of 0.60-1.48, 0.52-1.43; p = 0.82 and 0.60, respectively).
CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that concomitant administration of H2RA with gefitinib does not affect the efficacy of gefitinib.