Tislelizumab: An investigational anti-PD-1 antibody for the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)

Lung Cancer

Expert Opin Investig Drugs. 2020 Oct 12. doi: 10.1080/13543784.2020.1833857. Online ahead of print.


INTRODUCTION: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for most lung cancers worldwide and has a poor prognosis at later stages; programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors have provided promising new treatment approaches for these patients. Tislelizumab, an anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody, was engineered to minimize binding to FcγR on macrophages to abrogate antibody-dependent phagocytosis, a mechanism of T-cell clearance and potential resistance to

anti-PD-1 therapy. Tislelizumab has demonstrated clinical activity and is approved in China for treatment of previously treated classical Hodgkin lymphoma and previously treated metastatic PD-L1-high urothelial carcinoma.

AREAS COVERED: This review summarizes the clinical efficacy, safety, and tolerability of tislelizumab in patients with NSCLC and examines the mechanism of action, pharmacokinetic, and pharmacodynamic profiles of tislelizumab.

EXPERT OPINION: Tislelizumab has higher affinity to PD-1 than pembrolizumab and nivolumab, potentially due to its differential PD‑1 binding orientation. Tislelizumab demonstrated encouraging efficacy results, long duration of response, and a manageable safety profile across multiple clinical trials in advanced NSCLC. Ongoing trials of drug combinations (eg, tislelizumab plus angiogenesis inhibitors, immune checkpoint inhibitors, or immune agonists) and examining efficacy across the severity of disease will provide opportunities to understand and feature tislelizumab in clinical practice.