Cancer Sci. 2020 Oct 26. doi: 10.1111/cas.14711. Online ahead of print.
The standard treatment for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by anti-programmed cell death-ligand 1 (anti-PD-L1) treatment. BIM deletion polymorphism induces the suppression of apoptosis resulting from epidermal growth factor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitors in EGFR mutated NSCLC patients. We aimed to examine the effects of BIM polymorphism on CRT and anti-PD-L1/PD-1 treatment in NSCLC patients. In this retrospective study, of 1,312 patients
with unresectable NSCLC treated at Higashi-Hiroshima Medical Center and Hiroshima University Hospital between April 1994 and October 2019, we enrolled those underwent CRT or chemotherapy using carboplatin + paclitaxel or cisplatin + vinorelbine, or anti-PD-L1/PD-1 treatment. Of 1,312 patients, 88, 80, and 74 underwent the CRT, chemotherapy, and anti-PD-L1/PD-1 treatment, respectively, and 17.0%, 15.2% and 17.6% of these patients showed BIM polymorphism. Among patients receiving CRT, the progression-free survival was significantly shorter in those with BIM deletion than in those without. In the multivariate analyses, BIM polymorphism was an independent factor of poor anti-tumor effects. These results were not observed in the chemotherapy and anti-PD-L1/PD-1 treatment groups. In in vitro experiments, BIM expression suppression using small interfering RNA in NSCLC cell lines showed a significantly suppressed anti-tumor effect and apoptosis after irradiation but not chemotherapy. In conclusion, we showed that BIM polymorphism was a poor-predictive factor for anti-tumor effects in NSCLC patients who underwent CRT, specifically radiotherapy. In the implementation of CRT in patients with BIM polymorphism, we should consider the subsequent treatment, keeping in mind that CRT may be insufficient.