Overexpression of FADD and Bcl-XS proteins as novel prognostic biomarkers for surgically resected non-small cell lung cancer

Lung Cancer
27/10/2020

Cancer Biomark. 2020 Oct 13. doi: 10.3233/CBM-190018. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the most widespread cancer with increasing morbidity and mortality. FAS-associated protein with death domain (FADD) is considered as an essential instrument in cell death, whereas Bcl-XS promotes apoptosis through inhibiting the activity of Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL.


OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: We detected the expression of FADD and Bcl-XS in resected NSCLC tissues by immunohistochemistry, and investigated their association with clinicopathological characteristics and prognostic significance of NSCLC patients.

RESULTS: Bcl-XS expression was significantly increased in well and moderate differentiated lung SCC (P= 0.004). Lung ADC patients with overexpression of FADD and lung SCC patients with low expression of Bcl-XS had importantly lower overall survival rates by Kaplan-Meier analysis (P= 0.033, P= 0.02, respectively). Multivariate analysis confirmed that elevated expression of FADD was an independent poor prognostic factor for patients with surgically resected lung ADC (P= 0.027) and increased expression of Bcl-XS was an independent good prognostic factor for patients with surgically resected lung SCC (P= 0.016)CONCLUSION: Elevated expression of FADD was identified as independent poor prognostic factor for patients with surgically resected lung ADC, however, increased expression of Bcl-XS was an independent good prognostic biomarker for patients with surgically resected lung SCC.