Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi. 2020 Oct 23;42(10):829-837. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.cn112152-20200303-00163.
Since Erb-B2 receptor tyrosine kinase 2 (HER-2) was regarded as oncogenic driver gene for malignancies, HER-2 targeted therapy has benefited many patients with breast cancer and gastric cancer. However, as a member of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family, HER-2 has failed to respond well to both traditional anti-HER-2 and anti-EGFR targeted agents when compared to EGFR in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). It is reported that unlike gene copy number variation in breast cancer,
HER-2 intragenic kinase domain mutations (the exon 20 in-frame insertions are dominant, and missense mutations in kinase domain are also observed) in NSCLC might account for the poor response to traditional HER-2 or EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). In this review, we summarize the pathogenesis, molecular variations, clinical features and current therapeutic strategies for HER-2 mutated NSCLC to discuss the challenges and perspectives for this population.