Hum Cell. 2020 Oct 31. doi: 10.1007/s13577-020-00453-4. Online ahead of print.
Lung cancer is the most affected malignant tumor in the world, and its specific pathogenesis is still unclear. It has been confirmed that circ0001320 is down-regulated in lung cancer, but its mechanism has not been reported. Further study found that circ0001320 was down-regulated in lung cancer cells, localized in the cytoplasm, and had multiple miR-558 binding sites. Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay, RNA-pull-down, and immunoprecipitation experiments all confirmed that circ0001320 directly
bound to miR-558, and then inhibit the expression of miR-558. MiR-558 was up-regulated in lung cancer cells, and bound the downstream target genes TNFAIP1 and TPM1 to inhibit their expression. Western blot showed that circ0001320 significantly up-regulated the protein levels of TNFAIP1 and TPM1, while miR-558 blocked this effect of circ0001320. Circ0001320, TNFAIP1, and TPM1 all inhibited the proliferation and invasion of lung cancer cells and promoted apoptosis, while miR-558 had the opposite effects. After transfection with circ0001320 overexpression vector, miR-558 up-regulation or down-regulation of TNFAIP1, or TPM1 expression significantly reversed the inhibition of cell growth and invasion by circ0001320. Similarly, the expression of TNFAIP1 or TPM1 was down-regulated, while miR-558 expression was inhibited, and the levels of cell proliferation, apoptosis, and invasion did not change significantly. Therefore, these fully show that circ0001320 inhibits the growth and invasion of lung cancer cells through miR-558/TNFAIP1 and TPM1 pathways, which may be closely related markers and therapeutic targets of lung cancer.