ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2020 Nov 6. doi: 10.1021/acsami.0c18273. Online ahead of print.
Lack of tumor targeting and low drug payload severely impedes various nanoagents further employed in small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). Therefore, how to develop a new targeting ligand and enhance drug payload has been an urgent need for SCLC therapy. Herein, we first sift and verify that capreomycin (Cm) has a high affinity toward CD56 receptors overexpressed on SCLC cells. Motivated by the concept of self-targeted drug delivery, Cm is selected as the specific targeting ligand toward CD56 receptors
and chemodrug doxorubicin (Dox) is adopted to be covalently linked via the redox-responsive disulfide linkage. The synthesized self-distinguishing prodrug (Dox-ss-Cm) and FDA-approved photosensitizer indocyanine green (ICG) as structural motifs can be self-assembled into theranostic nanoagents (ICG@Dox-ss-Cm NPs) within an aqueous solution. Such carrier-free nanoagents with high drug payload can exert targeted on-demand drug release under multiple stimuli of intracellular lysosomal acidity, glutathione (GSH), and an external near-infrared (NIR) laser. Besides, our nanoagents can be specifically self-targeted to SCLC sites in vivo and self-distinguishing via SCLC cells in vitro; thus, they decrease the undesirable effects on normal tissues and organs. Further in vitro and in vivo studies uniformly confirm that such nanoagents show highly synergistic effects for SCLC chemo-photothermal therapy (PTT) under the precise guidance of NIR fluorescence (NIRF)/photoacoustic (PA) imaging. Taken together, our work can provide a novel and promising strategy for the targeted treatment of SCLC.