Soy isoflavone genistein inhibits hsa_circ_0031250/miR-873-5p/FOXM1 axis to suppress non-small-cell lung cancer progression

Lung Cancer

IUBMB Life. 2020 Nov 7. doi: 10.1002/iub.2404. Online ahead of print.


The foods of plants provide the rich nutrition and have protective function in human diseases, including cancers. Genistein is a major isoflavone constituent in soybeans, which has an anti-cancer role in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Nevertheless, the mechanism underlying the anti-cancer function of genistein in NSCLC remains largely unknown. NSCLC cells (H292 and A549) were exposed to genistein. Circular RNA hsa_circ_0031250 (circ_0031250), microRNA (miR)-873-5p and forkhead box M1

(FOXM1) abundances were examined via quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. The function of genistein, circ_0031250, miR-873-5p, and FOXM1 on NSCLC progression was investigated via Cell Counting Kit-8, colony formation, transwell well, wound healing, flow cytometry, Western blotting and xenograft model. The target relationship was analyzed by dual-luciferase reporter analysis and RNA immunoprecipitation. Results showed that genistein inhibited NSCLC cell viability in dose-time-dependent patterns. circ_0031250 abundance was elevated in NSCLC samples and cell lines, and it was reduced via genistein exposure. circ_0031250 knockdown aggravated genistein-caused suppression of cell proliferation, migration and invasion and elevation of apoptosis. miR-873-5p expression was decreased in NSCLC samples and cells. miR-873-5p was targeted via circ_0031250, and miR-873-5p knockdown attenuated the influence of circ_0031250 silence on NSCLC progression in the presence of genistein. FOXM1 was regulated via circ_0031250/miR-873-5p axis. miR-873-5p constrained cell proliferation, migration and invasion and increased apoptosis via regulating FOXM1 in genistein-treated cells. circ_0031250 knockdown enhanced the inhibitive function of genistein on NSCLC cell growth in xenograft model. Collectively, genistein repressed NSCLC progression by modulating circ_0031250/miR-873-5p/FOXM1 axis.