p38alpha MAP kinase inhibitors to overcome EGFR tertiary C797S point mutation associated with osimertinib in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): emergence of fourth-generation EGFR inhibitor

Lung Cancer

J Biomol Struct Dyn. 2020 Nov 11:1-14. doi: 10.1080/07391102.2020.1844801. Online ahead of print.


The third-generation EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) inhibitors selectively and irreversibly target EGFR-T790M and other activating EGFR mutations. Osimertinib is the only FDA-approved third-generation inhibitor, which has a good potency against the EGFR-T790M mutant with minimal toxicities and excellent selectivity for wild-type EGFR. EGFR tertiary Cys797 to Ser797 (C797S) point mutation emanate rapidly after the treatment of osimertinib, which is an undruggable mutation to all three

existing generation drugs. Recently, trisubstituted imidazoles were reported based on an off-target hit of a p38α MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) inhibitor as the fourth-generation EGFR-TKIs to overcome the C797S resistance by inhibiting the clinically relevant triple mutant kinase L858R/T790M/C797 EGFR. Here, we are reporting the clinical trial p38α MAPK kinase inhibitors SD-06, Amgen 16, RWJ67657 and SCIO-323 as L858R/T790M/C797S EGFR TK inhibitors to overcome the problem of drug resistance in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.