Utility of Routine Surveillance Laboratory Testing in Detecting Relapse in Patients With Classic Hodgkin Lymphoma in First Remission: Results From a Large Single-Institution Study

Lymphoma
06/05/2020

Lynch RC, et al. JCO Oncol Pract 2020.

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Classic Hodgkin lymphoma is highly curable with contemporary therapy. Although the limited role of surveillance imaging to detect early relapse for patients in complete remission at the end of therapy is well established, there is a paucity of data regarding role of laboratory testing in this setting.

METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed classic Hodgkin lymphoma uniformly treated with the Stanford V regimen from 1998-2014 and in complete remission for at least 3 months were identified in a single-center institutional database. Laboratory tests categorized by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v4.03 as grade 2 or higher were considered abnormal. Primary analysis included sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of surveillance laboratory tests for predicting relapse in the first 3 years after end of treatment.

RESULTS: Among 235 eligible patients, 24 (10.2%) patients ultimately relapsed. In the first 3 years after end of therapy, the mean number of surveillance blood draws per patient was 7.1, (range, 1-13). These 1,661 surveillance blood draws included 4,684 individual laboratory tests, comprising 1,609 CBCs, 1,578 metabolic panels, and 1,497 erythrocyte sedimentation rates. None of the biopsies confirming relapses were prompted by any abnormal laboratory finding. The sensitivity of any surveillance laboratory test for detecting relapse within 3 years of end of treatment was 72.7% (95% CI, 49.8% to 89.3%), specificity 22.6% (95% CI, 17.2% to 28.9%), yielding a PPV of 8.9% (95% CI, 7.0% to 11.3%) and NPV of 88.9% (95% CI, 79% to 94%).

CONCLUSION: Our study found limited clinically meaningful utility for routine surveillance laboratory testing in detecting relapse in patients with complete remission at end of treatment. Our results warrant consideration of modifications to current practice guidelines.