Sadeghi L, et al. Cancers (Basel) 2020.
Interactions between lymphoma cells and stromal cells play a key role in promoting tumor survival and development of drug resistance. We identified differences in key signaling pathways between the JeKo-1 and REC-1 mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) cell lines, displaying different patterns of stromal cell adhesion and chemotaxis towards stroma-conditioned medium. The identified adhesion-regulated genes reciprocated important aspects of microenvironment-mediated gene modulation in MCL patients.
Five-hundred and ninety genes were differently regulated between the cell lines upon adhesion to stromal cells, while 32 genes were similarly regulated in both cell lines. Regulation of B-cell Receptor (BCR) signature genes in adherent cells was specific for JeKo-1. Inhibition of BCR using siRNA or clinically approved inhibitors, Ibrutinib and Acalabrutinib, decreased adhesion of JeKo-1, but not REC-1 cells. Cell surface levels of chemokine receptor CXCR4 were higher in JeKo-1, facilitating migration and adhesion of JeKo-1 but not REC-1 cells. Surface levels of ICAM1 adhesion protein differ for REC-1 and JeKo-1. While ICAM1 played a positive role in adherence of both cell lines to stromal cells, S1PR1 had an inhibitory effect. Our results provide a model framework for further investigation of mechanistic differences in patient-response to new pathway-specific drugs.