Sureda A, et al. Bone Marrow Transplant 2020.
Indications for autologous (auto-HCT) and allogeneic transplantation (allo-HCT) in relapsed/refractory Hodgkin lymphoma (rrHL) have been long established. The expectation is that long-term outcomes have significantly improved over time with increased experience in these procedures. The objective of this study was to assess whether this is the case and to identify further areas of improvement. A total of 13,639 adult patients receiving an auto-HCT or allo-HCT for rrHL were reported to the
European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) over a 25-year period. Regarding auto-HCT, recipients are younger, interval between diagnosis and transplant shorter, peripheral blood has become the universal stem cell source and the use of total body irradiation is almost non-existent in recent years. Allo-HCT is currently mostly used as a second transplant; recipients are younger, fitter and less frequently, chemorefractory. Reduced intensity conditioning protocols have vastly replaced myeloablative protocols. Increasing numbers of haplo-HCT have been reported. Both in auto-HCT and allo-HCT, NRM, PFS and OS have significantly improved but relapse remains the main cause of treatment failure. A better selection of patients and improvements in the supportive care has resulted in a reduction in the NRM. Relapse after HCT remains unchanged and further research is needed.