Mizutani N, et al. Vet Immunol Immunopathol 2020.
Soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2r) is released directly from the surface of lymphocytes expressing interleukin-2 receptor alpha chain (CD25), and its serum concentration has been found to reflect the prognosis of human lymphoproliferative malignancies. In this study, we demonstrated the presence of sIL-2r in canine serum and developed a specific sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to quantify the concentration of canine serum sIL-2r. In the immunoprecipitation (IP) assay,
CD25 protein weighing approximately 45 kDa was detected in canine serum, smaller than the membrane-bound CD25 (approximately 55 kDa). To measure the concentration of serum sIL-2r in dogs, an ELISA system was developed. Serum sIL-2r levels were significantly higher in dogs with multicentric high-grade B-cell lymphoma before therapy than that in healthy dogs. Serum sIL-2r concentration was also found to be elevated in a proportion of dogs with other types of lymphoma. Changes in serum sIL-2r levels generally paralleled the changes in mass and lymph node size in dogs with high-grade B-cell lymphoma. This study demonstrated that serum sIL-2r level would be a marker to monitor tumour growth and regression in canine lymphoma.