Xie YL, et al. Chin Med J (Engl) 2020.
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (HP) has been considered to be one of the primary causes of gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma since 1993. Low-grade gastric MALT lymphoma with HP is widely treated with HP eradication therapy, according to each specific clinical situation. However, several studies and guidelines indicate that the modified HP eradication therapy is also valid for HP-negative gastric MALT lymphoma. The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis of the clinical efficacy of the modified HP eradication therapy for gastric MALT lymphoma without HP.
METHODS: We searched studies that reported the response rate of the modified HP eradication therapy regimen for gastric MALT lymphoma without HP by using PubMed, Medline, and Ebsco from January 1971 until February 2019. All statistical analyses were carried out using R 3.5.3 (Mathsoft Company, Cambridge, MA, USA). The pooled response rate was expressed as a decimal. The heterogeneity test was performed using the I-squared (I) statistic.
RESULTS: A total of 14 studies were selected with a total of 148 patients with HP-negative gastric MALT lymphoma. The overall pooled response rate was 0.38 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.29-0.47). The combined estimate is I = 57% (P < 0.01). The study subjects were categorized by factors (area of patients). The pooled response rate of the sub-groups (Korea, Japan, China, and Western countries) was 0.63 (95% CI: 0.50-0.76), 0.16 (95% CI: 0.05-0.30), 0.38 (95% CI: 0.20-0.55), and 0.57 (95% CI: 0.08-1.00). The response rate showed that the modified HP eradication therapy was effective for patients with HP-negative gastric MALT lymphoma, especially in Korea and Western countries.
CONCLUSION: Therefore, the modified HP eradication therapy can be considered an optional therapy for patients with low-grade HP-negative gastric MALT lymphoma. However, several limitations were revealed in the meta-analysis. Further systematic reviews and research are required.