A Case of Methotrexate-associated Hodgkin Lymphoma in a Patient with Rheumatoid Arthritis Successfully Treated with Brentuximab Vedotin in Combination with Doxorubicin, Vinblastine, and Dacarbazine (BV+AVD)


Sekiguchi Y, et al. Intern Med 2020.


A 53-year-old woman had been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in X-6. She was started on methotrexate (MTX) in X-1. She developed a cough, and chest computed tomography showed abnormalities. In X, MTX was discontinued, but the cough persisted. A lung biopsy revealed a diagnosis of nodular sclerosis classic Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL-NS). She was considered to have "other iatrogenic immunodeficiency-associated lymphoproliferative disorders" (OIIA-LPD), MTX-associated Hodgkin lymphoma (MTX-HL).

She received six courses of brentuximab vedotin (BV) in addition to AVD (BV+AVD). A complete metabolic response was obtained, and the RA went into remission. This is the fourth reported case of BV+AVD for MTX-HL.