Burkitt lymphoma initially mimicking varicella zoster infection

Lymphoma
03/06/2020

Amonchaisakda N, et al. IDCases 2020.

ABSTRACT

Burkitt lymphoma is an aggressive type of nodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma. This disease commonly involves the gastrointestinal tract, bone marrow, central nervous system, and in rare instances, the skin. We report the case of a 78-year-old Asian man who had experienced subacute fever and significant weight loss. He initially presented with a zosteriform skin rash on his right temporal area, which primary physicians diagnosed as varicella zoster infection and treated with antiviral drugs. The rash


developed on the left forehead and chest. Dermatopathological studies on a skin lesion on the chest wall showed characteristics of Burkitt lymphoma. After a week of palliative chemotherapy, regression of all skin lesions was observed. This report aims to demonstrate an unusual zosteriform pattern of cutaneous involvement in Burkitt lymphoma.