Primary central nervous system lymphoma and 5-aminolevulinic acid


Ferrer P, et al. Surg Neurol Int 2020.


BACKGROUND: Despite surgical resection of primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSL) having been always discouraged, recent evidence supports that it might improve prognosis in this patient population. Five- aminolevulinic acid-derived fluorescence is widely used for the resection of malignant gliomas, but its role in PCNSL surgery remains unclear.

CASE DESCRIPTION: We present two patients with a solitary solid intraparenchymal mass. As high-grade glioma leaded the list of differential diagnosis (other possibilities were metastasis, abscess, and PCNSL), a five- aminolevulinic acid-guided complete resection (with strong fluorescence in both cases) was done. Surgery was uneventfully carried on with complete resection until five-aminolevulinic acid-induced fluorescence was no longer evident. After surgery, patients have no neurological deficits and had good recovery. Pathological examination revealed that both tumors were PCNSL. Adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy were started. After 1 year of follow-up, patients have good evolution and have no recurrences.

CONCLUSION: These cases add to the growing literature which shows that surgery might play an important role in the management of PCNSL with an accessible and single lesion. Five-aminolevulinic acid could also be a useful tool to achieve complete resection and improve prognosis in this group of patients.