Differential diagnosis of sinonasal extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma and diffuse large B cell lymphoma on MRI


Chen Y, et al. Neuroradiology 2020.


PURPOSE: To evaluate whether imaging features on conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can differentiate sinonasal extranodal natural killer/T cell lymphomas (ENKTL) from diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL).

METHODS: Consecutively, pathology-proven 59 patients with ENKTL and 27 patients with DLBCL in the sinonasal region were included in this study. Imaging features included tumor side, location, margin, pre-contrast T1 and T2 signal intensity and homogeneity, post-contrast enhancement degree and homogeneity, septal enhancement pattern, internal necrosis, mass effect, and adjacent involvements. These imaging features for each ENKTL or DLBCL on total 86 MRI scans were indicated independently by two experienced head and neck radiologists. The MRI-based performance in differential diagnosis of the two types of lymphomas was evaluated by multivariate logistic regression analysis.

RESULTS: All ENKTLs were located in the nasal cavity, with ill-defined margin, heterogeneous signal intensity, internal necrosis, marked enhancement of solid component on MRI, whereas DLBCLs were more often located in the paranasal sinuses, with MR homogenous intensity, mild enhancement, septal enhancement pattern, and intracranial or orbital involvements (all P < 0.05). Using a combination of location, internal necrosis and septal enhancement pattern of the tumor in multivariate logistic regression analysis, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy in differential diagnosis of ENKTL and DLBCL were 100%, 79.4%, and 91.9%, respectively, for radiologist 1, and were 98.3%, 81.5%, and 93.0%, respectively, for radiologist 2.

CONCLUSION: MRI can effectively differentiate ENKTL from DLBCL in the sinonasal region with a high diagnostic accuracy.