Lipof JJ and Barr PM. Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 2020 - Review.
Follicular lymphoma is the most common subtype of indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Although a majority of patients have a favorable prognosis, a subset of patients experiences early treatment failure. Progression of disease within 24 months of initial chemoimmunotherapy is associated with inferior survival. The biology of early progression is the subject of ongoing study and depends on the unique genetic composition of neoplastic cells and their interaction with a complex tumor microenvironment.
Clinicogenetic prognostic indices have been developed to identify high-risk patients. Several have been validated but are limited in identifying those at risk for early treatment failure.