Molecular diagnosis angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma

Lymphoma
29/06/2020

Chernova NG, et al. Ter Arkh 2019.

ABSTRACT

AIM: to determine molecular diagnostics routine for different tissue samples in angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Molecular studies were performed for 84 primary AITL patients. The median age was 61 year (29-81); the male to female ratio was 48/36. T-cell and B-cell clonality was assessed by GeneScan analysis of rearranged T-cell receptor (TCRG, TCRB) and immunoglobulin heavy chain genes. For the quantitative determination of cells with RHOA G17V mutation real - time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with allele - specific LNA modified primers was used.

RESULTS: In lymph nodes rearrangements of T-cell receptor genes were determined in 76 (90.5%) of 84 patients and were absent in 8 (9.5%) cases. Identification of the same clonal products of the TCRG and TCRB genes in the lymph node and in peripheral blood and/or bone marrow indicated the prevalence of the tumor process and was observed in 64.7% of patients. Clonal products in peripheral blood and/or bone marrow different from those in the lymph node indicated reactive cytotoxic lymphocyte population and were noted in 58.8% of AITL cases. Simultaneous detection of T- and B-cell clonality in the lymph node was observed in 20 (24.7%) of 81 patients. Cells with RHOA G17V mutation were detected in lymph node in 45 (54.9%) of 82 patients. The use of allele - specific PCR with LNA modified primers revealed presence of the tumor cells in peripheral blood in 100% and in bone marrow in 93.9% of patients with G17V RHOA mutation in the lymph nodes.

CONCLUSION: The validity of different molecular assays performed on certain tissue samples for the diagnosis of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma has been evaluated. Quantitative allele - specific PCR assay for RHOA G17V mutation based on LNA modified primers possesses sufficient sensitivity for tumor process prevalence evaluation and minimal residual disease monitoring.