Relapse of Hodgkin lymphoma after autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation: A current management perspective


Iqbal M and Kharfan-Dabaja MA. Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Ther 2020 - Review.


Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is a highly responsive disease with nearly 70% of patients experiencing cure after front-line chemotherapy. Patients who experience disease relapse receive salvage chemotherapy followed by consolidation with autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (auto-HCT). Nearly 50% of patients relapse after an auto-HCT and constitute a subgroup with poor prognosis. Novel treatments such as immune checkpoint inhibitors and an anti-CD30 monoclonal antibody are currently approved

for patients relapsing after auto-HCT; however, the duration of remission with these therapies remains limited. Allogeneic HCT is currently the only potentially curative treatment modality for patients relapsing after a prior auto-HCT. Early clinical trials with chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy targeting CD30 are underway for patients with relapsed/refractory HL and are already demonstrating safety and promising efficacy.