Evolving insights into the genomic complexity and immune landscape of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: opportunities for novel biomarkers

Lymphoma
04/07/2020

El Hussein S, et al. Mod Pathol 2020 - Review.

ABSTRACT

Recently, comprehensive genomic analyses have allowed a better molecular characterization of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), offering novel opportunities in patient risk stratification and management. In the era of precision medicine, this has allowed us to move closer toward a more promising therapeutic outcome in the setting of DLBCL. In this review, we highlight the newly reported heterogeneous mutational landscapes of DLBCL (from two whole-exome sequencing studies, and from a more


recent work targeting a 293-gene of a hematologic malignancy-designed panel. Altogether, these studies provide further evidence of the clinical applicability of genomic tests. We also briefly review established biomarkers in DLBCL (e.g., MYC and TP53), and our understanding of the germinal center cell reaction, including its epigenetic regulation, emphasizing some of the key epigenetic modifiers that play a role in lymphomagenesis, with available therapeutic targets. In addition, we present current data regarding the role of immune landscapes in DLBCL (inflamed versus non-inflamed), how the recently defined molecular DLBCL subtypes may affect the cellular composition of the tumor microenvironment and the function of the immune cells, and how this new knowledge may result in promising therapeutic approaches in the near future.